In this fun and easy geology science experiment, we’re going to investigate and explore soil and sediments by making soil shakers.
  • Several jars with lids
  • About a half cup each of different types of soil (topsoil, upper soil, sub soil, deeper soil)
  • Water
  • Magnifying glass


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  1. Fill each jar with the half cup sample of soil.
  2. Fill the rest of the jar with water until it is about three quarters of the way full.
  3. Put the lid on the jar and shake vigorously for several moments.
  4. Repeat this process for all your soil samples.
  5. Wait about two hours for the samples to settle and then investigate with your magnifying glass.


I hope you enjoyed this super quick tutorial and had fun creating your own Soil Shakers to investigate and explore different types of soils.

Discover the Secrets Beneath Your Feet: Fun Facts about Soil!

Fun Facts about Soil:

  1. Soil Layers: Soil is composed of different layers called horizons, including the topsoil, subsoil, and bedrock, each with distinct characteristics and compositions.

  2. Nutrient-rich Soil: Soil is filled with essential nutrients that plants need to grow, including nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.

  3. Living Soil: Soil is teeming with life, including organisms such as earthworms, insects, bacteria, fungi, and plant roots, all working together to create a healthy ecosystem.

  4. Soil Colors: Soil can come in a variety of colors, including brown, black, red, yellow, and even white, depending on its mineral content and organic matter.

  5. Soil Formation: Soil is formed over thousands of years through the weathering of rocks, the breakdown of organic matter, and the activities of living organisms.

  6. Soil Types: There are different types of soil, such as sandy soil, clay soil, and loamy soil, each with its unique characteristics and suitability for plant growth.

  7. Soil Conservation: Soil is a precious resource that needs to be conserved. Erosion, deforestation, and improper land management practices can lead to soil degradation and loss.

  8. Soil and Water: Healthy soil plays a crucial role in water filtration and regulation, preventing water pollution and helping maintain the water cycle.

  9. Soil as a Time Capsule: Soil layers can contain artifacts, fossils, and evidence of past civilizations, providing valuable insights into history and archaeology.

  10. Soil and Landscapes: Different types of soil contribute to the formation of diverse landscapes, including mountains, valleys, plains, and coastal regions.

Get your hands dirty and explore the fascinating world of soil!

Pro tip: Use this activity to create some excitement around discussions or lessons about soil, sediment, geology and more!
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Question 1: What is the top layer of soil called? A) Bedrock B) Subsoil C) Topsoil D) Clay

Correct answer: C) Topsoil

Question 2: Which of the following organisms can be found in soil? A) Fish B) Birds C) Earthworms D) Snakes

Correct answer: C) Earthworms

Question 3: What are the main nutrients found in soil that plants need for growth? A) Oxygen and carbon dioxide B) Nitrogen and phosphorus C) Hydrogen and helium D) Sodium and potassium

Correct answer: B) Nitrogen and phosphorus